Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a common hormonal disorder that affects women worldwide. Despite its prevalence, PCOS remains a misunderstood condition by many.
The exact cause of PCOS is still unknown, but several factors are believed to contribute to its development. These include genetic predisposition, insulin resistance, and elevated levels of androgens. Lifestyle factors such as poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, and stress can also play a role in making the symptoms of PCOS worse.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), PCOS is a leading cause of female infertility. It is estimated that 70% to 80% of women with PCOS have fertility challenges due to irregular ovulation or the absence of ovulation.
PCOS may manifest differently in every individual, but common symptoms include irregular menstrual cycle or no periods at all, excessive hair growth on the face and body, acne, weight gain or difficulty losing weight, mood swings. Other symptoms may include thinning hair on the scalp, darkening of the skin and sleep apnoea (temporary cessation of breathing, especially during sleep).
Dr Bankole Akintomiwa, our Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at Avon Medical, commented, “There are a lot of women with the polycystic ovary syndrome and there is a need for every woman to get checked.
For a comprehensive evaluation, a healthcare provider will first assess the patient’s medical history, conduct a physical examination, and request blood tests to analyze hormone levels. Following this, an ultrasound may be utilized to examine the ovaries for the potential presence of cysts.”
While there is no cure for PCOS, various treatment options can help manage the symptoms and reduce the risk of complications. Lifestyle changes, such as adopting a healthy diet, regular exercise, and weight loss, can significantly improve symptoms. Medications like oral contraceptives, anti-androgens, and insulin-sensitizing drugs are often prescribed to address specific symptoms. Fertility treatments may be recommended for women trying to conceive.
PCOS is a complex hormonal disorder that affects many women worldwide. While it can pose challenges to reproductive health and overall well-being, early diagnosis, along with appropriate lifestyle modifications and medical interventions, can help manage the symptoms effectively. If you suspect you may have PCOS, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and guidance.
Remember, this blog post is intended for informational purposes only, and it is always advisable to seek personalized medical advice from a qualified healthcare provider.
I hope you find this blog post helpful! If you have any further questions or need additional assistance, feel free to ask.